Correlation between maternal and childhood VitB12, folic acid and ferritin levels

Fatima Zeeshan, Attia Bari, Saima Farhan, Uzma Jabeen, Ahsan Waheed Rathore

Abstract


Objective: To determine the correlation between serum folic acid, vitamin B12 and ferritin of mother and child and to study various neonatal risk factors as a cause of anemia in children.

Methods: One hundred eighty children two months to two years of age admitted in the department of Pediatric Medicine of The Children’s Hospital and The Institute of Child Health Lahore from January 2013 to January 2015 with common medical conditions having anemia were included. Complete blood count (CBC), serum ferritin level, folic acid and Vitamin (Vit) B12 level were sent of children and their mothers. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.

Results: Out of 180 children with anemia, 66.7% were males. Mean age of children was 7.3months. Fifty-five percent children were malnourished according to z scoring. The mean Hemoglobin (Hb) of children was 8 g/dl. Only 4% children had low ferritin level while 60% had low folic acid and 45% had decreased VitB12. There was significant correlation between Hb of mother and child (p =0.02), Vit B12 deficiency (p=0.008) and iron deficiency (p<0.001). Premature children had lower folic acid levels (p =0.02), while prematurity, IUGR, previous admission and history of sepsis showed no association with anemia in our study. Both breast-feeding and top feeding showed significant association with anemia with p-value of 0.042 and 0.003 respectively while dilution showed no impact on anemia.

Conclusion: Maternal anemia has a significant impact on child’s hemoglobin. As compared to previous concept of increased iron deficiency in children we found increased occurrence of folic acid and VitB12 deficiency in children and their mothers.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.331.10998

How to cite this:Zeeshan F, Bari A, Farhan S, Jabeen U, Rathore AW. Correlation between maternal and childhood VitB12, folic acid and ferritin levels. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(1):162-166.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.331.10998

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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