Clinical comparative study on Nitrous Oxide inhalation versus intravenous propofol and Midazolam sedation in Transnasal Gastroscopy

Zhou Xiaoqian, Zhang Tao, Luo Bingsong, Li Jing, Deng Yu, Zhong Weilan

Abstract


Objective: To investigate the Clinical practice value of nitrous oxide inhalation and intravenous propofol and midazolam sedation in transnasal gastroscopy.

Method: From December 2012 to April 2014, two hundred patients receiving painless transnasal gastroscopy on a voluntary basis were selected in Endoscopy center, The First People’s Hospital of GuiYang. Patients were divided into two groups: Group-1 consisted of one hundred patients sedated by nitrous oxide inhalation and Group-2 consisted of one hundred patients sedated by intravenous propofol and midazolam. Patients were then examined by transnasal gastroscopy. Patient blood pressure, heart rate, pulse rate and oxygen saturation before, during and after gastroscopy were recorded for both groups. The duration of the gastroscopy and the time of awakening were also recorded. After examination, the patients were asked to assess the level of discomfort experiences during the gastroscopy procedure.

Results: All patients successfully underwent the transnasal gastroscopy. There were 57 males and 43 females in the nitrous oxide inhalation group with an average age of 43.11±8.27 years. The average duration of examination and time of awaking in the nitrous oxide inhalation group was of 152.7±9.80 secs and 50±7.89 secs respectively. For the intravenous propofol and midazolam sedation group, there were 53 males and 47 females with an average age of 41.26±7.98 years. The average duration of examination and time of awaking in the intravenous propofol and midazolam sedation group was of 149.07±10.25 seconds and 390±20.89 seconds respectively. The two groups showed no significant difference in the duration of examination. There was no difference in the age or sex. The former had a less significant impact on heart rate, oxygen saturation and blood pressure, while the intravenous propofol and midazolam sedation decreased blood pressure dramatically and this effect persisted after examination.

Conclusion: Nitrous oxide inhalation has higher safety and tolerance with a brighter application prospect for transnasal gastroscopy.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.334.12290

How to cite this:Xiaoqian Z, Tao Z, Bingsong L, Jing L, Yu D, Weilan Z. Clinical comparative study on Nitrous Oxide inhalation versus intravenous propofol and Midazolam sedation in Transnasal Gastroscopy. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(4):891-894.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.334.12290

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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