Incidence and risk factors of Pulmonary Complications after Cardiopulmonary bypass

Anjum Naveed, Hammad Azam, Humayoun Ghulam Murtaza, Rana Altaf Ahmad, Mirza Ahmad Raza Baig

Abstract


Objective: To determine the frequency of post-operative pulmonary complications (PPCs) after cardio-pulmonary bypass and association of pre-operative and intraoperative risk factors with incidence of PPCs.

Methods: This study was an observational analysis of five hundred and seventeen (517) patients who underwent cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass. Incidence of PPCs and risk factors of PPCs were noted. Logistic regression was applied to determine the association of pre-operative and intraoperative risk factors with incidence of PPCs.

Results: Post-operative pulmonary complications occurred in 32 (6.2%) patients. Most common post-operative pulmonary complication was atelectasis that occurred in 20 (3.86%) patients, respiratory failure in 8 (1.54%) patients, pneumonia in 3 (0.58%) patients and acute respiratory distress syndrome in 1 (0.19%) patients. The main risk factor of PPCs were advance age ≥ 60 years [odds ratio 4.16 (1.99-8.67), p-value <0.001], prolonged CPB time > 120 minutes [odds ratio 3.62 (1.46-8.97) p-value 0.003], pre-op pulmonary hypertension [odds ratio 2.60 (1.18-5.73), p-value 0.016] and intraoperative phrenic nerve injury [odds ratio 7.06 (1.73-28.74), p-value 0.002]. Operative mortality was 9.4% in patients with PPCs and 1.0% in patients without PPCs (p-value 0.01).

Conclusion: The incidence of post-operative pulmonary complications was 6.2% in this study. Advanced age (age ≥ 60 years), prolonged CPB time (CPB time > 120 minutes), pre-op pulmonary hypertension and intraoperative phrenic nerve injury are independent risk factors of PPCs after surgery.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.334.12846

How to cite this:Naveed A, Azam H, Murtaza HG, Ahmad RA, Baig MAR. Incidence and risk factors of Pulmonary Complications after Cardiopulmonary bypass. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(4):993-996.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.334.12846

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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