Impact of stent length and diameter on short term clinical outcomes of drug eluting stents in patients with stable coronary artery disease
Background & Objective: The risk of restenosis and other adverse cardiovascular events with bare-metal stents have increased with smaller stent diameters and longer stent lengths. However, the exact impact of stent size on the short-term outcomes of drug-eluting stent (DES) implantations has not been much classified in Pakistani population. This study was designed to evaluate the impact of size (length and diameter) of Drug Eluting Stents on Clinical outcomes in patient with stable coronary artery disease at three months of implantation in Pakistani Population.
Methods: This is a prospective study which was carried out in the Department of Cardiology, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar from April 2011 and July 2012. All consecutive patients with stable coronary disease undergoing Percutaneous Intervention (PCI) with DES implantation at Cardiology Unit Lady Reading Hospital, were included prospectively. Clinical outcomes (Myocardial infarction [MI], unstable angina[UA], and positive ETT) at three months stratified by 3 tertiles of stent length and diameter each, were measured in patients who underwent PCI with DES for coronary artery lesions. All patients were followed and reassessed after three months from the index procedure. Exercise Tolerance Test (ETT) was performed on every patient and recorded on proforma. Data analysis was done using SPSS software version 16.
Results: A total of 376 patients were included prospectively in this study. The mean age was 57±9.313 years. Male patients were 271(72.1%). Mean length of drug eluting stent was 27.313±7.235 mm while mean diameter of stent was 2.90±0.2483mm. There were slightly higher rates of MI, U.A and positive ETT in the longest stent length tertile (>28mm) compared with the shortest stent length tertile (<22mm) at three months, but they were statistically not significant. We also observed that for DES, there was no clear relationship between stent diameter and outcome for any of the clinical outcome variables.
Conclusion: In our single-center prospective study, stent length and diameter defined in tertiles, had no impact on the short-term clinical outcomes of DES in patients with stable coronary artery disease.
How to cite this:Adnan Y, Noor L, Dar MH, Ali U, Hafizullah M. Impact of stent length and diameter on short term clinical outcomes of drug eluting stents in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(4):959-962. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.334.13068
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