Drug poisoning and associated factors in Western Saudi Arabia: A five-year retrospective chart review (2011–2016) | Alzahrani | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 
مبل راحتی صندلی مدیریتی صندلی اداری میز اداری وبلاگدهی گن لاغری بازی اندروید تبلیغات کلیکی آموزش زبان انگلیسی پاراگلایدر مارکت اندروید تور آهنگ محسن چاوشی مسیح و آرش پروتز سینه پروتز باسن پروتز لب میز تلویزیون

Drug poisoning and associated factors in Western Saudi Arabia: A five-year retrospective chart review (2011–2016)

Sami Hamdan Alzahrani, Ali H. Alqahtani, Fayssal Mostafa Farahat, Mohammed Abdel Galil Elnour, Jamil Bashawri

Abstract


Objective: Drug poisoning is a globally common cause of emergency-room admissions. This study explores drug-poisoning prevalence patterns, associated risk factors (gender, age and exposure circumstances), and outcomes in western Saudi Arabia.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of Clinical drug poisoning cases (2011-2016). The data were retrieved from the Saudi Ministry of Health’s record and Patients’ medical charts were analyzed.

Results: The Ministry of Health received 1,474 reports of drug poisoning during 2011–2016.More than half involved females (n=885, 60%) or young children (0-4 years old) (n=764, 51.8%) and occurred accidentally (n=786, 53.3%); almost all had an oral route of poisoning (n=1,466, 99.5%). The cases most frequently involved analgesic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (n=373, 25.2%); antiepileptic, antipsychotic, psychoactive, and anxiolytic drugs (n=229, 16.3%); antihistamine, asthma, flu, and cough drugs (n=157, 12.0%); and antibiotic, anti-fungal; and antiprotozoal drugs (n=74, 5.0%). Antidotes were administered in only 2.2% of cases, and no deaths were reported.

Conclusion: The drug poisoning cases involved females and young children (younger than 5 years old) and the most cases were accidental, and the most commonly used drugs were analgesics (Panadol), followed by antipsychotics, antihistamines, and antiepileptics (Tegretol). 

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.335.13119

How to cite this:Alzahrani SH, Alqahtani AH, Farahat FM, Elnour MAG, Bashawri J. Drug poisoning and associated factors in Western Saudi Arabia: A five-year retrospective chart review (2011–2016). Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(5):1188-1193.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.335.13119

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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