Occurrence of oral habits among preschool children with Autism Spectrum Disorder | Al-Sehaibany | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 
مبل راحتی صندلی مدیریتی صندلی اداری میز اداری وبلاگدهی گن لاغری بازی اندروید تبلیغات کلیکی آموزش زبان انگلیسی پاراگلایدر مارکت اندروید تور آهنگ محسن چاوشی مسیح و آرش پروتز سینه پروتز باسن پروتز لب میز تلویزیون

Occurrence of oral habits among preschool children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Fares S Al-Sehaibany

Abstract


Objective: To determine occurrence of oral habits among Saudi preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and compare it with healthy preschool children.

Methods: This study was conducted over a 14-months period in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The sample consisted of two groups; a study group (SG) of 150 ASD children, and a control group (CG) of age- and gender-matched 150 healthy children. The parents of the children in both the groups were administered a questionnaire that included questions about the children’s demographic information and previous or persistent oral habits.

Results: The prevalence of oral habits was higher (87.3%) among the SG children as compared to CG children (49.3%). The most prevalent oral habit among the SG was bruxism (n = 82; 54.7%), followed by object biting (n = 67; 44.7%) and mouth breathing (n = 40; 26.7 %). Among the CG; the most prevalent oral habit was mouth breathing (n = 40; 26.7%) followed by nail biting (n=18; 12%) and object biting (n = 7; 4.7%). The prevalence of bruxism, object biting, thumb sucking and tongue biting was significantly (p<0.05) higher in the SG than the CG.

Conclusions: The prevalence of oral habits was higher in the ASD group children than the healthy children.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.335.13554

How to cite this:Al-Sehaibany FS. Occurrence of oral habits among preschool children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(5):1156-1160.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.335.13554

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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