Comparison of permeatal medial placement of graft without raising the tympano-meatal flaps to conventional methods of myringoplasty: An experience at tertiary care hospital in Pakistan

Saleem Asif Niazi, Zaheer Ul Hassan ., Khaula Atif, Saeed Ullah

Abstract


Objective: To compare the results of permeatal approach without raising the tympano-meatal flap to end-aural or post-aural approach in myringoplasty.

Methods: This Quasi-experimental study was carried out in CMH (Combined Military Hospital) Peshawar, from August 2006 to July 2013. Three hundred fifty patients of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) with dry central; small, medium and large perforations were selected. They were divided into two groups depending upon the type of approach. In Group-A (n-200); permeatal approach without raising tympano-meatal flap was used; while in Group-B (n-150) end-aural or post-aural approach was used. Subjects were followed up for two years; graft take was checked regularly by examinations of ear under microscope. Data was collected on structured Performa and analysed by SPSS-17.

Results: Male and female were 74% and 26% respectively; Age ranged from 15 to 46 Years. There was no significant difference in the graft success at the end of two years in Group-A (80%) and Group-B (85%) (p-0.261). Type of approach had a significant impact on duration of surgery (p<0.001) and post-operative recovery time (p<0.001).

Conclusion: The permeatal approach and end-aural/post-aural approach had almost equal graft success rates, but former is more useful as it causes lesser morbidity, decreased post-operative hospital stay and reduced operative time. It is under-utilized and should be employed more frequently.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.324.9497

How to cite this:Niazi SA, Hassan ZU, Atif K, Ullah S. Comparison of permeatal medial placement of graft without raising the tympano-meatal flaps to conventional methods of myringoplasty: An experience at tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(4):927-930.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.324.9497

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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