Peer interaction and group education for adaptation to disease in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus

Sebahat Altundag, Meral Bayat

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate the effects of group interaction and training in the adaptation process to disease in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

Methods: This experimental study with pre- and post-test control groups was conducted in the pediatric endocrine clinic at a university hospital. The data were collected through descriptive data form, social support assessment scale, self-esteem inventory and information form. The data collection forms were administered four times with 3-month intervals to the study and control groups. Training, peer interaction and social support attempts were provided to the study group.

Results: After the training and peer interaction, it was determined that there was a decrease in HbA1c levels and an increase in self-esteem (p<0.001) and mean scores of social support (p<0.05), and significant increase in knowledge levels (p<0.001). As for the adolescents in the control group, it was determined that there was no change in their HbA1c levels (p>0.05), and that there was no difference in their self-esteem scores, mean knowledge levels (p>0.05) in comparison with their pre-test scores.

Conclusion: The training and peer interaction in adolescents were found to be effective in the adaptation process to the disease. 

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.324.9809

How to cite this:Altundag S, Bayat M. Peer interaction and group education for adaptation to disease in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(4):1010-1014.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.324.9809

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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