Borderline tumors of the ovary: A clinicopathological study | Yasmeen | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Old Website

Borderline tumors of the ovary: A clinicopathological study

Samia Yasmeen, Abdul Hannan, Fareeha Sheikh, Amir Ali Syed, Neelam Siddiqui


Objective: To report experience with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) in a developing country like Pakistan with limited resources and weak database of health system.

Methods: Patients with BOTs managed at Shaukat Khanum Cancer hospital, Lahore, Pakistan from 2004 to 2014 were included and reviewed retrospectively. Data was recorded on histopathological types, age, CA-125, stage of disease, treatment modalities and outcomes.

Results: Eighty-six patients with BOT were included with a median age of 35 years. Forty-two (49%) patients had serous BOTs and 43 (50%) had mucinous BOTs, while one (1%) had mixed type. Using FIGO staging, 80 patients had stage I; two patients had IIA, IIB and stage III each. Median follow-up time was 31.5 months. All patients had primary surgery. Seventy (81%) patients underwent complete surgical resection of tumor. Forty-three (50%) patients had fertility preserving surgery. Seventy-three (85%) patients remained in remission. Recurrent disease was observed in 13 (15%) patients. Median time to recurrence was 22 months. On further analysis, age above forty years, late stage at diagnosis and incomplete surgery were significantly associated with invasive recurrence.

Conclusion: Despite a low malignant potential, relapses may occur in patients above forty years of age, incomplete surgery and staging information and advanced stage at presentation. Fertility sparing surgery should be considered in young patients. Complete excision of tumor and prolonged follow-up are advised because recurrence and transformation to invasive carcinoma may occur.


How to cite this:Yasmeen S, Hannan A, Sheikh F, Syed AA, Siddiqui N. Borderline tumors of the ovary: A clinicopathological study. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(2):369-373.   doi:

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