Diagnosis and phenotypic assessment of Pakistani Haemophilia B carriers
Objectives: 1: To assess the diagnostic utility of three polymorphisms (DdeI, XmnI and TaqI) and direct sequencing in haemophilia B (HB) carrier detection in Pakistani families. 2: To compare phenotypes of HB carriers with those of healthy females.
Methods: The study was conducted from March 2014 till February 2016 at Khyber Medical University Peshawar and National Institute of Blood Diseases, Karachi. Individuals from HB families of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) with known F9 mutation in the proband were enrolled into the study. FIX activity (FIX:C) levels were determined in all the participants. Bleeding scores (BS) and complete blood counts were performed in the female participants. Linkage analysis followed by targeted Sanger sequencing was carried out in all the study participants. Heterozygosity rate was determined for each polymorphism. Healthy females and the carrier groups were compared for bleeding phenotypes.
Results: A total of 30 males and 48 females from 13 HB families were studied. The polymorphisms had a low heterozygosity rate. Direct sequencing determined the carrier status in all cases. The mean FIX:C was reduced whereas BS was raised in the carriers when compared with healthy females. A significant raise in white blood cells (WBCs) count was observed in the carriers.
Conclusion: The three polymorphisms have a low heterozygosity rate in HB families from KP and FATA. Sanger sequencing is conclusive in determining carrier status in all the cases. FIX:C is low and BS is raised in the HB carriers in comparison to that of normal females. The mean WBCs count is significantly higher in the HB carriers than the normal females.
How to cite this:Khan MTS, Naz A, Ahmed J, Shamsi TS, Taj AS. Diagnosis and phenotypic assessment of Pakistani Haemophilia B carriers. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(3):738-742. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.333.12496
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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