Pars plana vitrectomy in vitreous hemorrhage with or without Intravitreal Bevacizumab: A comparative overview
Objective: To compare the success in patients having vitreous hemorrhage undergoing pars plana vitrectomy with or without preoperative intravitreal injection of Bevacizumab.
Methods: This Randomized controlled trial was conducted at Department of Ophthalmology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre. Karachi. Duration of study was six months from January 2010 to June 2010. In this study 56 patients of advanced diabetic eye disease were divided into two groups. Patients in Group-A underwent three ports pars plana vitrectomy with preoperative intravitreal injection of Bevacizumab (Avastin) 1.25mg/0.05ml, 3.5mm from the limbus seven days before surgery and in Group-B patients underwent vitrectomy without preoperative intravitreal Bevacizumab (Avastin). Intraoperative bleeding was monitored in both groups and was graded as no bleeding, mild bleeding and severe bleeding. The results were statistically analyzed through computer software SPSS 17.
Results: Twenty eight patients in Group-A who were given an injection of intravitreal Bevacizumab (Avastin) before surgery, intraoperative bleeding monitored was ,no bleeding in 17 cases (60.7%), mild was observed in 6 cases (21.4%) and severe bleeding requiring diathermy to stop was observed in only 5 cases (17.9%). 28 patients in Group-B that underwent surgery without Avastin no bleeding was observed in only 2 cases (7.1%), mild in 6 cases (21.4%) and severe in 20 cases (71.4%).
Conclusions: Intravitreal injection of Bevacizumab (Avastin) was effective before vitrectomy in the surgical management of Advanced Diabetic Eye disease.
How to cite this:Faisal SM, Tahir MA, Cheema AM, Anjum MI. Pars plana vitrectomy in vitreous hemorrhage with or without Intravitreal Bevacizumab: A comparative overview. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(1):221-225.Â Â doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.341.12683
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