The perceived self-efficacy and its interrelation with communication in family and glycemic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes
Objective: In this study the effect of self -efficacy and family functioning on glycemic control of adolescence with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) in Isfahan was investigated.
Methodology: In this Randomized Controlled Open Trial, adolescence with type 1 DM were studied. Selected patients were randomized in four intervention groups including group counselling with Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) approach for self-efficacy enhancement for diabetic patients, group training for Communication Skills Training (CST) for parents of diabetic patients, combination of CBT+ CST and routine diabetes management. Family functioning, self- efficacy for diabetes self-management and glycemic control of diabetic patients was measured using The McMaster Family Assessment Device (FAD), self-efficacy scale and HbA1c, respectively. Mentioned variables in all studied groups were measured before and after intervention and three months after intervention.
Results: CBT increased self -efficacy of studied population significantly which decrease the mean of HbA1c in studied population (P < 0.05).CBT + CST and CST had not significant effect on HbA1c (P > 0.05). HbA1c was not significantly different in different stages of evaluation in each group, but it was significantly different between CBT and control groups (P=0.07).
Conclusion: In order to obtain more conclusive results it is recommended to study larger sample size of patients with T1D with consideration of their demographic and cultural factors, to design and implement multi-component studies to determine the relation between different psychosocial factors and their adherence to treatment regimens and metabolic control. Designing relatively long term multi-component and compilation strategies would be helpful in this regard also.
How to cite this:Najmi SB, Marasi MR, Hashemipour M, Hovsepian S, Ghasemi M. The perceived self-efficacy and its interrelation with communication in family and glycemic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Pak J Med Sci 2013;29(1)Suppl:334-339.
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