Seroprevalence rate of Poliovirus antibodies among the Healthy and Protein Energy Malnutrition children
Objective: To study the association between Protein energy malnutrition and polio-specific immunoglobulin G antibodies production among children in Gadap Town Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: Comparative cross sectional survey conducted at fixed EPI center and Pediatric OPD of a tertiary care hospital Karachi. Children were selected by convenient sampling method during the period from 17 March to 17 May 2013. It was ensured that they must have received more than seven oral polio vaccine doses as eligibility criteria for the study. A total of 170 blood samples were collected and tested for the presence of polio-specific IgG antibodies using Poliomyelitis IgG ELISA Test Kit produced.
Results: Statistically significant relation was found between PEM and IgG antibodies production OR (P = 0.000). Overall Seroprevalence rate among the study population was 98.8%, PEM group 97.6% and healthy group 100%.
Conclusion: The study demonstrated that there is a need to focus on the protein energy malnutrition among the children as an immunization strategy for the 100% seroprevalence rate in all population against polio in Pakistan.
How to cite this:Aliya N, Shah SSA, Jaffery SIA, Ahmed SA, Khan MAB, Aslam M. Seroprevalence rate of Poliovirus antibodies among the Healthy and Protein Energy Malnutrition children. Pak J Med Sci 2015;31(2):403-407. Â doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.312.5366
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