Adverse fetomaternal outcome among pregnant overweight women | Awan | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Old Website

Adverse fetomaternal outcome among pregnant overweight women

Shazia Awan, Seema Bibi, Asad ullah Makhdoom, Sumaiya Farooq, Syed Muhammad Tahir, Roshan Ara Qazi


Objective: To compare the adverse fetometernal out come in overweight and normal weight pregnant women.

Methods: This comparative cohort study was  conducted from 1st October 2010 to 30 September 2012. Total 200 gravid women 100 were overweight and 100 normal weight pregnant women with gestational age for 08-40 weeks were included. Women having BMI (25 – 29.9 Kg/m2) were measured overweight and included  in group A and 100 women having normal BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 as controls were in-group B. Chi-square test was applied to compare the proportion of maternal and fetal outcomes. Significant P – value of < 0.05 was considered.

Results: The age range was between 30 to 45 years with mean age of 30±4.1 years in both groups. Overweight pregnant women had significantly high frequency of pre-eclampsia (27% versus 9% in controls), PIH (24% versus 8% in controls), gestational diabetes mellitus (22% versus 5% in controls), prolonged labour (4% versus 6% in controls), Caesarean section (44% versus 16% in controls), Wound infection (3% versus 2% in controls) and Postpartum Hemorrhage (5% versus 2% in controls). P-value < 0.001 was considered significance. Fetal complications in overweight pregnant women compared to controls i.e. Still birth (13% versus 2%), Early neonatal death (11% versus 1%), shoulder dystocia (5% versus 1%) and NICU admission (47% versus 10%). Results were statistically significant except shoulder dystocia.

Conclusion: We conclude that the result of present study indicates obesity exerts deleterious effect, both on fetal and maternal outcome.


How to cite this:Awan S, Bibi S, Makhdoom A, Farooq S, Tahir SM, Qazi RA. Adverse fetomaternal outcome among pregnant overweight women. Pak J Med Sci 2015;31(2):383-387.   doi:

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