Prevalence of celiac disease in adult type 1 patients with diabetes | Doğan | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Old Website
 

Prevalence of celiac disease in adult type 1 patients with diabetes

Burcu Doğan, Can Oner, Oya Uygur Bayramicli, Elif Yorulmaz, Güneş Feyizoglu, Aytekin Oguz

Abstract


Objectives: Celiac disease, an autoimmune disease, is related to immune mediated intolerance to gluten. Some studies suggest that Celiac Disease was 20 times more frequent in type 1 patients with diabetes. The objective of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of celiac disease in hospital based type 1 diabetic adults.

Methods: Our study was carried out retrospectively in Medeniyet University Goztepe Training and Educational Hospital in Istanbul between 2012–2013. The cohort comprised 482 type 1 patients with diabetes attending the diabetes outpatient clinic. The data were analyzed by SPSS 10.5 package program. Student’s t tests is used for comparative analyses. A p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The cohort included 482 type 1 patients with diabetes. Fifty seven of them were not evaluated for Endomysium antibody positivity. Fifteen of the remaining 425 patients were positive for anti endomysial antibody (3.5%). The prevalence of biopsy proven celiac disease was 2.3% (10/425). There was no significant difference between Endomysial antibody positive and negative groups in regard of age, sex, or duration of the disease.

Conclusion: This study confirms that the celiac disease is common in type 1 diabetic patients. Since a small proportion of celiac patients are symptomatic this disorder should be screened in all adult type 1 patients with diabetes by antiendomysium antibody.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.314.7206

How to cite this:Dogan B, Oner C, Bayramicli OU, Yorulmaz E, Feyizoglu G, Oguz A. Prevalence of celiac disease in adult type 1 patients with diabetes. Pak J Med Sci 2015;31(4):865-868.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.314.7206

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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