Bone mineral density in University aged Saudi females | Hammad | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Old Website

Bone mineral density in University aged Saudi females

Lina F Hammad


Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate bone mineral density (BMD) in young Saudi females (20-25 years) using Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), as it is a widely utilized modality for the measurement of BMD, used for the diagnosis of osteoporosis and osteopenia.

Methods: BMD measurements were performed in the spine and the neck of the femur in 101 young females.

Results: 37% and 34% patients had osteopenia in the spine and the neck of the femur respectively, BMD values = 0.98 and 0.81 gm/cm2 respectively). Whereas 5% had osteoporosis in the spine area, BMD values = 0.82 gm/cm2). Of the 101 subjects, 53 (52.5%) young females did not suffer from osteopenia in either both site, whereas 23 (22.7%) females had osteopenia in both sites, the remaining 25 subjects (25% of the subject included) had either osteopenia or osteoporosis in one of the sites. A strong association between BMD values with weight was found.

Conclusions: We found that one third of the young Saudi females sampled suffer from osteopenia. Additionally, body weight has a positive relationship with bone mineral density.


How to cite this:Hammad LF. Bone mineral density in university aged Saudi females. Pak J Med Sci 2015;31(3):556-560.   doi:>10.12669/pjms.313.7264

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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