The prevalence and causes of visual impairment in young Turkish men
Objective: To explore the causes and prevalence of visual impairment in young Turkish men.
Methods: The health examination data of the candidates that are saved in National Defense Ministry of Turkey was used. The data of the candidates examined between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2011 were evaluated. The total number of the candidates was 1777500. The candidates requiring advanced examination are referred to secondary and tertiary examination hospitals.
Results: Fourteen thousand eight hundred sixty two(14862) out of 1777500 candidates were declared unfit for compulsory military service because of ophthalmic causes. The prevalence of ophthalmologic diseases causing unfitness for military service was found 0.746% for 2009, 0.871% for 2010 and 0.889% for 2011. These included high refractive errors which was the most frequent pathology causing unfitness (40.1%). Nonsurgical retina, vitreous and optic nerve diseases were the most frequent cause of visual impairment (0.212%). Corneal and lens pathologies were the second most frequent cause of blindness (0.101%).
Conclusions: The data bank in National Defense Ministry analyzed in this study is not directly intended to explore the causes and prevalence of visual impairment in Turkey. However this study gives considerable knowledge about the causes and prevalence of visual impairment in Turkey.
How to cite this:Gundogan FC, Kocak N, Akyildiz R, Yolcu U, Ilhan A, Aydin I, et al. The prevalence and causes of visual impairment in young Turkish men. Pak J Med Sci 2015;31(4):837-842. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.314.7324
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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