Early outcome of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery in patients with significant Left Main Stem stenosis at a tertiary cardiac care center
Objective: Primary objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of significant left main stem (LMS) stenosis on the early outcome of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.
Methods: A Retrospective non-randomized analytical study was conducted in Cardiac surgery department, Chaudhary Pervaiz Elahi Institute of Cardiology (CPEIC) Multan, Pakistan. The data of patients who underwent isolated CABG at our institution from February 2008 to March 2014 were analyzed. Two thousand six hundred two (2602) patients of isolated CABG were divided into 2 groups according to the LMS disease. Group I (n=2088): without significant LMS disease and Group II (n=514): with LMS disease. Data was analyzed using SPSS V16. The groups were compared using Student’s t-test for numeric variables. Chi-square test and Fishers Exact test were used for categorical variables. P-value ≤ 0.05 was considered as significant difference.
Results: Out of two thousand six hundred two, 2088 patients were in Non.LMS group (Control Group) and five hundred fourteen were in LMS Group (Study Group). Patients with LMS disease were older. In both groups there was no statistically significant difference regarding gender distribution, risk factors of IHD, pre-operative renal function and preoperative CKMB levels. Significant number 50 (9.7%) of patients were unstable in LMS group and they needed urgent surgery (p-value <0.0001). Need and duration for inotropic support and intra-aortic balloon counter-pulsation support were significantly high in LMS group (p-value <0.0001, 0.002, 0.003 respectively). Similarly Mechanical ventilation time and hospital stay were higher in LMS group. Incidence of pulmonary complications and operative mortality were significantly higher in LMS group (p-value 0.005 and 0.001 respectively). Mortality of CABG patients with significant left main coronary stenosis was 13 out of five hundred fourteen (2.5%) as compared to just 17 out of two thousand eighty eight (0.8%) in control group.
Conclusion: This study showed that significant LMS disease is an independent risk factor for early cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality after CABG surgery.
How to cite this:Sher-i-Murtaza M, Baig MAR, Raheel HMA. Early outcome of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery in patients with significant Left Main Stem stenosis at a tertiary cardiac care center. Pak J Med Sci 2015;31(4):909-914. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.314.7597
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