Post thrombolytic resolution of ST elevation in STEMI patients
Objective: To study the effect of timing of thrombolytic therapy, cardiac risk factors and site of infarction on S.T. resolution post thrombolysis in STEMI patients.
Methods: This was a descriptive hospital based study conducted at the Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar. The duration of our study was 5 months from February 2015 to June 2015. Diagnosis of STEMI in symptomatic patients was based on the ECG recognized. Definition of Myocardial Infarction. Time from onset of chest pain to presentation of patients in emergency was noted through history of patients along with time of streptokinase. ECG recordings of patients were taken upon presentation in Emergency. Serial ECG monitoring was done after administration of Streptokinase (SK). ST resolution was observed in the lead with the maximum ST elevation. Data were presented as frequencies and percentages, chi square test was applied.
Results: Among 83 patients with STEMI 50.6% were males and 49.4% were females with the age group range of 30-83 years. Fifty nine patients (71.08%) with STEMI underwent thrombolysis within 12 hours of onset of chest pain while 24 patients (28.92%), underwent thrombolysis after 12 hours of onset of chest pain. Out of the 59 patients who received thrombolytic therapy before 12 hours, 43 (72.88%) completely resolved, while those who received thrombolytic therapy after 12 hours none of them completely resolved as per ECG findings. By applying chi-square test it gives us value of 36.470, and p-value <0.001. In our study 28 patients were diabetic and out of these six (21.43%) completely resolved as per ECG post thrombolysis, 9 (32.14%) partially resolved and 13 (46.43%) failed to resolve. On the other hand, in non-diabetics out of 55, 37 (67.27%) completely resolved, 12 (21.82%) partially resolved and 6 (10.91%) failed to resolve. Among 61 hypertensive, 26 (42.62%) had complete resolution and in 22 who were non-hypertensive, 17 (77.27%) had complete resolution on ECG. Hyperlipidemia and site of infarction didn’t have statistically significant effect on the resolution of ECG post thrombolysis in STEMI patients.
Conclusion: Patients with diabetes, hypertension and those who receive thrombolysis after 12 hours of onset of chest pain respond poorly to thrombolytic therapy as per ECG findings whereas hyperlipidemia and site of infarction don’t affect the response of STEMI patients to thrombolysis.
How to cite this:Saleem S, Khan A, Shafiq I. Post thrombolytic resolution of ST elevation in STEMI patients. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(1):201-205. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.321.8974
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