Therapeutic approaches and long-term follow-up for prenatal hydronephrosis | Aydogdu | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Old Website

Therapeutic approaches and long-term follow-up for prenatal hydronephrosis

Bahattin Aydogdu, Gulay Aydin Tireli, Oyhan Demirali, Unal Guvenc, Cemile Besik, Serdar Sander, Aysel Kiyak


Objective: This study summarises the outcomes of 149 patients who underwent surgery for antenatally diagnosed unilateral hydronephrosis.

Methods: The medical records of such patients over a 23-year period were reviewed retrospectively. Age at the time of operation, preoperative and postoperative mean pelvic diameter on ultrasound, split renal function, washout patterns on scintigraphy, and early and late complications were recorded.

Results: The mean preoperative follow-up period was five months (range: 1–66 months). One patient was operated on after 12 months and two patients after five years of follow-up. Mean preoperative pelvic diameter and renal function were 30.8 mm and 38.6%, respectively; all patients had an obstructive wash-out pattern. In the postoperative period, the corresponding measurements were 11.7 mm and 39.2%, with 111 non-obstructive, 24 partially obstructive, and 14 obstructive wash-out patterns. Three patients with severe caliectasis and low renal function underwent surgery despite mild hydronephrosis. The mean postoperative follow-up period was six (range 4–11) years. Complications developed in 14 (9.3%) patients.

Conclusion: Patients with antenatal hydronephrosis may need surgery even after a follow-up period of six years. Because of the potential late development of complications, postoperative follow-up should be continued for 10 years.


How to cite this:Aydogdu B, Tireli G, Demirali O, Guvenc U, Besik C, Sander S, et al. Therapeutic approaches and long-term follow-up for prenatal hydronephrosis. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(3):667-671.   doi:

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