Seroprevalence of acute dengue in a Malaysian tertiary medical centre
Objectives: The aims of this study were to determine the seroprevalence of acute dengue in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) Medical Centre and its correlation with selected haematological and biochemical parameters.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from January to June 2015. A patient was serologically diagnosed with acute dengue if the dengue virus IgG, IgM or NS-1 antigen was reactive.
Results: Out of 1,774 patients suspected to have acute dengue, 1,153 were serologically diagnosed with the infection, resulting in a seroprevalence of 64.9%. Dengue-positive patients had a lower mean platelet count (89 x 109/L) compared to the dengue-negative patients (171 x 109/L) (p<0.0001). The mean total white cell count was also lower in the dengue-positive cases (4.7 x 109/L vs. 7.2 x 109/L; p<0.0001). The mean haematocrit was higher in patients with acute dengue (42.5% vs. 40.0%; p<0.0001). Likewise, the serum alanine transaminase level was also higher in patients with acute dengue (108 U/L vs. 54 U/L; p<0.0001).
Conclusions: Dengue is very prevalent in UKM Medical Centre as most patients suspected to have acute dengue had serological evidence of the infection. The platelet count was the single most likely parameter to be abnormal (i.e. low) in patients with acute dengue.
How to cite this:Ding CH, Rashid ZZ, Rahman MM, Khang NF, Low WN, Hussin N,et al. Seroprevalence of acute dengue in a Malaysian tertiary medical centre. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(2):495-498. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.322.9320
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