Prevalence of Type II diabetes in District Dir Lower in Pakistan
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of type II diabetes and pre-diabetes and its risk factors in the District Dir Lower Pakistan.
Methods: This study was a population based cross-sectional analysis of 1650 individuals of age 20-80 years, using cluster random sampling technique. After an overnight fast, diabetes and pre-diabetes were analyzed according to the World Health Organization recommendation.
Results: The prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes was 11.1% and 16.0%, respectively. Type II diabetes was found 11.0% in female and 11.2% in male subjects. Stepwise multiple logistic regression showed that growing age, positive family history, body mass index (obesity), hypertension, exercise (less physical activates), education, monthly income, are statistically significant risk factors with type II diabetes.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that type II diabetes has become a main health problem in District Dir Lower and better strategies are required to handle this problem.
How to cite this:Akhtar S, Khan Z, Rafiq M, Khan A. Prevalence of Type II diabetes in District Dir Lower in Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(3):622-625. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.323.9795
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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