Fournier’s gangrene: Causes, presentation and survival of sixty-five patients
Objective: To report our experience with Fournier’s Gangrene (FG) over the past eight years and evaluate the predisposing factors which affect the mortality.
Methods: Sixty-five patients who were admitted to emergency surgical unit of our institution presenting with FG between January 2006 and August 2014 were included. The anatomical site of infective gangrene, predisposing factors, etiological factors, and outcomes were retrospectively reviewed.
Results: Our cases included 8 women and 57 men. The average age of men was 51 ± 13.9 (range 19-75) and the average age of women was 63 ± 10.5 (range 52-76). Average hospitalization time was 9.2 ± 6.6 days (range 5-25) days. The most frequent comorbid disease was diabetes mellitus and the most frequent etiology was perianal abscess. Colostomy was performed in 11 patients, orchidectomy in two patients, cystostomy in two patients. Notably, all of the 8 (12.3%) patients who died from FG had diabetes and low socioeconomic status. A total of six patients who died required more than one surgical debridement.
Conclusions: Fournier’s gangrene is a severe surgical emergency, with a high mortality rate. Low socioeconomic status, diabetes and more than one debridement play a major role in mortality and morbidity.
How to cite this:Taken K, Oncu MR, Ergun M, Eryilmaz R, Demir CY, Demir M, et al. Fournier’s gangrene: Causes, presentation and survival of sixty-five patients. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(3):746-750. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.323.9798
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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