Measured versus calculated LDL-cholesterol in subjects with Type 2 Diabetes
Objective: There is a strong positive association between increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and coronary heart disease (CHD). The accuracy of LDL-C estimation is essential and critically important. The aim of present study was to compare calculated LDL-C with direct homogeneous assay in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: This observational study was carried out at Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology (BIDE) from January 2011 to December 2013. A total of 9620 patients with type 2 diabetes were included in the study. Fasting blood glucose, total Cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol were obtained using standard methods. Calculated LDL-C was obtained by Friedewald formula.
Results: Mean difference of measured and calculated LDL-C was found to be -0.25, 6.63 and 46.55 mg/dl at triglyceride levels < 150 mg/dl, 150 - 400 mg/dl and ≥ 400 mg/dl, respectively. The result shows that the difference between measured and calculated LDL-C increases as the triglyceride level increases.
Conclusions: The findings of our study suggested that calculated LDL-C was lower, as compared to measured LDL-C, which may cause misclassifications that may have an impact on therapeutic decisions in patients with diabetes. Calculated LDL-C may depend on triglyceride levels so LDL-C should be measured by direct assay in routine clinical laboratories.
How to cite this:Fawwad A, Sabir R, Riaz M, Moin H, Basit A. Measured versus calculated LDL-cholesterol in subjects with Type 2 Diabetes. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(4):955-960. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.324.9896
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