Caries risk assessment in school children using reduced cariogram model
Objective: To estimate the percentage of children with low, moderate and high caries risk; and to determine the predictors of caries risk amongst 11-12 year old Pakistani school children.
Methods: Subjectsâ€™ caries risk was assessed using the Cariogram programme. The survey was done among school children in Bhakkar district of Â Punjab, Pakistan. Caries and plaque level were assessed using the DMFT and Sillnes and Loe indices respectively, while diet content and frequency were assessed using a three-day diet diary.
Results: A total of 226 children participated in this study, giving a response rate of 75%. Most subjects (39.8%) were in the low risk category with DMFT score of 0. The overall mean DMFT score was 1.49 (Â±0.63). Linear and multiple regressions were performed to evaluate the predictability of caries risk. Previous experience of dental caries was found to be the most relevant predictor of caries risk (40%).
Conclusion: The levels of caries risk amongst Pakistani 11-12 year old school children were generally low. Â Past caries experience was the most significant factor in predicting future caries lesion in this sample population. Â
How to cite this:Taqi M, Razak IA, Ab-Murat N. Caries risk assessment in school children using reduced cariogram model. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(4):948-952. Â doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.334.13106
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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