Diabetic Macular Edema | Gundogan | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Old Website

Diabetic Macular Edema

Fatih Cakir Gundogan, Umit Yolcu, Fahrettin Akay, Abdullah Ilhan, Gokhan Ozge, Salih Uzun


Diabetic macular edema (DME), one the most prevalent causes of visual loss in industrialized countries, may be diagnosed at any stage of diabetic retinopathy. The diagnosis, treatment, and follow up of DME have become straightforward with recent developments in fundus imaging, such as optical coherence tomography. Laser photocoagulation, intravitreal injections, and pars plana vitrectomy surgery are the current treatment modalities; however, the positive effects of currently available intravitreally injected agents are temporary. At this point, further treatment choices are needed for a permanent effect.Sources of data selection: The articles published between 1985-2015 years on major databases were searched and most appropriate 40 papers were used to write this review article. 

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.322.8496

How to cite this:Gundogan FC, Yolcu U, Akay F, Ilhan A, Ozge G, Uzun S. Diabetic Macular Edema. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(2):505-510.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.322.8496

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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