Investigation of molecular heterogeneity of β-thalassemia disorder in District Charsadda of Pakistan
Objective: Thalassemia is blood related disease which arises from the reduced level of hemoglobin in red blood cells (RBC), a protein responsible for carrying oxygen inside the body. Considering its widespread occurrence in developing countries like Pakistan, this study aims to investigate the common molecular anomalies of the beta thalassemia disease in district Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Methods: This work was done at Abdul Wali Khan University (AWKU) Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The work was performed on the blood samples collected from the patients and their families with beta thalassemia major (n = 13 families) belonged to District Charsadda. The collected blood samples were analyzed for presence of six known mutations with the help of polymerase chain reaction technique i.e. amplification of refractory mutation system.
Results: Our Study reports six known mutations (IVS-1-5, FSC 8/9, CD 41/42, IVS-1-1, CD 15 and FSC-5) accounting for about 90% of total beta thalassemia genes in this country. Among the reported mutations, IVS 1-5 was the most prevalent beta thalassemia gene in patients belonging to District Charsadda.
Conclusion: The results and findings of the current study may help in accessing the frequency of these common mutations and in initiating pre-natal diagnosis programme in Pakistan.
How to cite this:Shakeel M, Arif M, Shoaib-Ur-Rehman, Yaseen T. Investigation of molecular heterogeneity of β-thalassemia disorder in District Charsadda of Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(2):491-494. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.322.9415
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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